SUPERVISION SYSTEMS AND BUILDING AUTOMATION

We transform everyday’s life in a intelligent way

The inclusion of Building Automation and Supervision Systems among our services was the natural evolution of the integration, in our structure, of multidisciplinary competences developed to meet the multiple demands of the market. These technological applications, in fact, as well as finding use in many sectors (industrial, services and residential), also provide the contribution of many different skills and expertise: engineering, automation, electrical and hydraulic systems, telecommunications and computer science.

A building automation system is composed by various devices (sensors and actuators) connected by communication protocols used for the control of different functions in buildings such as:

  • lighting;
  • security systems and presence control;
  • energy management;
  • heating and air-conditioning systems;
  • remote control;
  • accounting;
  • audio/video control.

A Home Automation system ensures a better quality of life and above all:

  • an easy control of the buildings;
  • technologically advanced electrical systems;
  • integration of all the latest multimedia systems;
  • a great help for disabled people.

To ensure maximum comfort, energy saving and total safety we only use technologically advanced and high performance systems and products.

Home automation_immagine

Home automation serving the environment 

We exploit the new technology to improve our daily comfort and to conceive our intelligently environment.

Home automation, the union of the words domus (which in Latin means "house") + robotics, is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of technologies to improve the quality of life in the home and more generally in human modified environments. This highly interdisciplinary area requires the contribution of many technologies and expertise, including building engineering, energy engineering, automation, electrical engineering, electronics, telecommunications and information technology ...

A home automation system is composed of various devices as sensors or actuators needed for the control of building management equipment such as: lighting, blinds/shutters, security systems, energy management, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems reporting and monitoring, interfaces to service and maintenance systems for the building, remote control, metering, audio/video control, white goods, etc. ...

Different devices communicate with each other and can be controlled and monitored through a single system.

The home automation advantage is to provide all these automatisms through a single system making them interact with each other. No more tedious and repetitive actions! They can now be programmed. You will no longer need to run everywhere. It will be the home automation system to do so!
 

An improved quality of life

Automating lighting, heating, blinds, alarm ... home automation has several advantages:

  • Help for people with disabilities,
  • Easy home management,
  • Technologically advanced electrical system,
  • Integration of all the latest multimedia systems,
  • Security and tranquility.

Simple system management. Heating, lighting, air conditioning ... with home automation you can control all electrical services of the stable. To optimize comfort and manage with serenity the environment, home automation is the ideal solution.

Operate effortlessly. With home automation everything is more facle. You can check all electrical services effortlessly.

With group commands, you can activate different services using a single control point.

System types:

  • Lighting:
    • Scenario management
    • Automatic and programmed ignitions
    • Brightness adjustment
       
  • Air conditioning:
    • Heating and cooling plants
    • Room temperature regulation
    • Air treatment
       
  • Technological systems
    • Thermal power stations
    • Alternative energy
       
  • Access control
    • Cards and transponder reading
    • Gates management
    • Attendance control
       
  • Automations
    • Gates, windows, curtains
    • Irrigation
       
  • Energy conservation and load management
     

Integration with other systems

  • Fire prevention system and anti-intrusion
  • Audio and video systems
     

Use of the most widespread in Bus systems

  • KONNEX
  • LON
  • PROFIBUS
     

Application areas

  • Homes and residential centers
  • Hotels and spas
  • Nursing homes and retirement homes
  • Disabled facilities
  • Churches, museums and exhibition centers
  • Campsites and holiday villages
  • Offices, industrial areas and warehouses
  • Shopping centers
  • Parking lots
The intelligent home_immagine

The intelligent home can be controlled by the user through appropriate user interfaces (such as buttons, remote control, touch screen, keyboard, voice recognition), which carry the contact (send commands and receive information) with intelligent control system, based on a computerized central unit or on a distributed intelligence. The various components of the system are connected among themselves and with the control system via various types of interconnection (for example local network, carrier waves, radio waves, dedicated bus, etc.).

The central control system, or the set of devices in a distributed data processing, shall carry out commands from the user (such as kitchen light switch or opening shutter room), to continuously monitor environmental parameters (such as flooding or presence of gas), to manage some settings independently (eg. temperature) and to generate any reports to the user or remote assistance services. The automation systems are usually set up so that every time a command is activated, the user will reach communication through a visual signal warning/confirmation of payment (eg. colored LEDs in the switches, changes in the graphic touch screen) or, in the cases of systems for the disabled, with the other signaling types (eg. sound).

A home automation system is completed, usually, through one or more systems of communication with the outside world (for example, pre-recorded phone messages, SMS, automatic generation of web pages or e-mail) to allow the control and status display also remote. communication systems of this type, called a gateway or residential gateway perform the advanced router function, allow the connection of the whole home network to the outside world, and then to the public domain networks.

Example functions of an intelligent lighting system:

  • Multiple ignitions also automatic of lights according to the establishment of specific conditions scenarios (eg. there are guests, we give a party, I see a DVD);
  • Igniting in patterns copied from the reality of the lights after the automatic recognition of a prolonged absence;
  • Centralization of power off or sleep of the lights when the absence of users is recognized; completely autonomous and automatic lighting control.

Example functions of an intelligent electrical system:

  • Self-coordination of the functioning of the appliances;
  • Reduction of magnetic fields in the rooms where you have users;
  • Isolation and automatic protection during lightning storms;
  • Full disconnection techniques islands (eg. TV group, decoder, video recorder, etc..) by command or automatically at night or when no one is at home.

Example functions of an intelligent air conditioning system:

  • Automatic operation according to the recognition of the presence of persons;
  • Adjustment of the operation on the basis of the moisture content;
  • Automatically turn the heater under an open window;
  • Self-programming of the pre-air-conditioning (eg. Pre-heating in winter) based on the recognition of "uses and customs" of users.

Example functions of an intelligent security system:

  • Detection of events such as gas leaks, floods and fires;
  • Remote connection with support services (medical aid and supervision);
  • Remote monitoring of the environments with cameras;
  • Interaction TV, telephone, video and system cameras.

Example functions of an intelligent home automation system:

  • Opened or closed independently of external blinds (the sun is shining open, no wind are closed);
  • Opened or closed independently of the blackout (shutters, blinds, etc.) and coordination with the automation for ventilation according to parameters of aero-lighting dictated by law and coordination with the lighting scenarios (turn on the projector, automation darkens the room, the lighting turns on the lights dim).
KNX - the only open standard in the world_immagine

THE ONLY WORLDWIDE STANDARD OPEN FOR THE CONTROL OF THE HOUSE AND BUILDING.

To transmit the control information to all components in the building management, a system is needed which eliminates the problem of the solutions "island", ensuring that all components communicate by means of a common language: in short, a system such as KNX bus, independent from manufacturer and application. KNX standard is based on over 15 years of market experience, also gained from predecessor systems to KNX: EIB, EHS and BatiBUS. Via the KNX medium to which all bus devices are connected (twisted pair, radio frequency, power line or IP/Ethernet), they are able to exchange information. Bus devices can either be sensors or actuators needed for the control of building management equipment such as: lighting, blinds/shutters, security systems, energy management, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, signaling and monitoring systems, interfaces towards monitoring and maintenance systems for the building, remote control, metering, audio/video control, white goods, etc. All these functions can be controlled, monitored and signaled via a uniform system without the need for extra control centers.
 

Worldwide means

References all over the world: the world of home and building control "speaks" KNX. Several millions of successful KNX installations can be found not only in Europe but also in the Far East, North and South America - a proof for the interest KNX approach. Over 400 companies in the world associated with KNX developing KNX Products, Solutions and Software.
 

Open standard means

KNX is approved as an International Standard (ISO / IEC 14543-3), as a European Standard (CENELEC EN 50090 and CEN EN 13321-1) and Chinese Standard (GB / Z 20965). KNX is therefore future proof. The KNX products made by different manufacturers can be combined KNX therefore ensures that different products of different manufactures used in different applications operate and communicate with each other. This ensures a high degree of flexibility in the extension and in the modification. The Product compliance is checked at neutral laboratories in third.
 

Home and Building Control means

Benefits for every type of building: From the office complex to the average household. Whatever kind of building is, KNX opens up completely new opportunities for building control systems, keeping costs at an acceptable level.
International Standard, therefore future proof

  • ISO / IEC - Approved the KNX technology as the International Standard ISO / IEC 14543-3 in 2006.
  • CENELEC - European Technical Committee CENELEC approved the KNX technology as an international standard registered in accordance with European standard EN 50090 in 2003.
  • European CEN standardization CEN - Institution recognized legally the KNX standard as the European standard EN 13321-1 (total reference to EN 50090) and EN1332-2 (KNXnet / IP) in 2006.
  • SAC - Approved the KNX technology as the Chinese Standard GB / Z 20965 in 2007.
  • ANSI / ASHRAE - Approved the KNX technology as the US Standard ANSI / ASHRAE 135 in 2005.

It follows that KNX is the only open standard in the world for the technical management of homes and buildings.

In summary the KNX technology ensures, beyond regulatory compliance, other clear advantages:

  • The integrated control logic in components means that there is a central control unit for all functions and any faults or malfunction of a component will create a discomfort restricted to only function for the component itself;
  • The electrical characteristics of the network and those of the signal ensures the system's noise immunity induced by electromagnetic fields;
  • The supply voltage to 29 VDC system guarantees the absence of electromagnetic fields in the connection lines of buttons, switches, thermostats and, in general, of all the lines placed in the vicinity of the person using the installation;
  • The supply voltage to 29 VDC also guarantees an absolute safety between system and user, since he is acting on components not powered at 230V, such as those typically found in homes, but a very low safety voltage, particularly with SELV voltage of 20 / 30V;
  • The device configuration is very simple, through a dedicated software; any variations, allows, if necessary, diagnostic and maintenance services locally or remotely;
  • The KNX certified equipment covering all automation needs of homes and buildings, with a very wide range of types and, within each type, a choice of complete applications;
  • The versatility of the system home automation, compared to a traditional, you can change its configuration, adapting perfectly to the needs of the customer, only via software and not hardware.
KNX devices growth_immagine

From original idea to finished product, for a KNX novice list of questions on how to implement KNX into a new device can be quite long:

Which KNX medium (eg twisted pair or Radio Frequency) should be used? What software requirements are required by KNX? Which communication objects - data formats - should be used and how are they programmed? What are the hardware requirements for the device? There are standard? As components of the device, for example, which configuration modes will be put into service should be supported? There is technical support for assistance during the development? How is the certification process? To assess what is best for the development of a device, it is useful to know what are the KNX standard components available on the market for different transmission media.

Aspects of realization of KNX TP Devices
There are a number of technical terms that are common in the market like "BCU", "BIM", "SIM", "TPUART", "chipset" and "communication stack": these terms correspond to different possibilities of developing a KNX TP device .

BCU "Bus coupling units"
It is of system devices that comprise the coupling circuit to KNX and a microprocessor and are provided in a casing. The developer must simply develop the application module, the hardware and application software.

BIM "Bus Interface Modules"
They are interface modules consist mainly from the inside of a BCU and have doors of additional I/O. The BIM are sold as modules which can be soldered directly to the printed circuit board. with flash memory versions are available for application software from 8 up to 48 Kbytes. The software development takes place by means of a development environment that consists of a "Evaluationboard", an "On-Chip Debug Emulator" and a compiler for the C language.

SIM "Serial Interface Modules"
The SIM module contains the complete communication system without applications; hardware and application software related to the communication part via serial interface. The SIM are sold in the form of modules which can be soldered directly to the printed circuit board.

BAOS "Bus Access Object Server"
The BAOS Module (Bus Access and Object Server) serves as an interface to KNX for so Telegram level (KNX Link Layer) as on the level of data points (KNX Application Layer). The telegram format is FT1.2. For communication at datapoint level it is available an optimized serial protocol.

Chipset
The chipset of BIM are separately offered to circumvent the mechanical constraints of BIM. From the point of view of software there are no differences between BIM and chipsets.

TPUART
The TPUART only contains the real coupling to KNX. The communication software is supplied by a microcontroller connected The TPUART has been developed from one side to the microcontroller to avoid the task of encoding and decoding of the bits and the other to allow the coupling to KNX through different microcontrollers.

Communication Stack
For small amounts of product are recommended modules (BIM, SIM BAOS). They are characterized by low development costs and certifi cation and are ideal to start one KNX development. If there is no space or grow the quantities produced, the chipset is an interesting alternative. The initial costs are just a little 'higher as compared to BIM module. TPUART is the most used solution for products devices in series in large quantities. The TPUART is distinguished by low unit costs but it involves high development costs and certifi cation. In some cases it may be appropriate to opt for a Bit Transceiver (FZE1066).

Aspects of realization of KNX PL devices
Similarly to KNX twisted pair, BCU and modules (PIM) standard are also available for KNX PL (110).

BCU "Bus coupling units"
It is of system devices that comprise the coupling circuit to KNX and a microprocessor and are provided in a casing. The developer should be limited to only develop the application module, the hardware and application software.

PIM Powerline Interface Modules
The PIM modules consist basically on the low voltage of the BCU. PIMs are modules that are soldered to the printed circuit board together with the other components of the coupling network.

ASIC with Communication Stack
An ASIC for PL110 is responsible for sending and receiving bits. To build a KNX device based on ASIC, you need a KNX stack for Powerline (communication software). A communication stack contains the application programming interfaces.

What is the right solution?
The BCU are particularly suitable for production of small quantities to develop devices efficiently from a cost point of view. For products with medium quantities, PIMs are recommended and a circuit diagram is available. The development of PL devices with ASIC and communication stack requires larger investments as compared to BCU and PIMs and is therefore carried out by manufacturers with high production volumes.

The realization of KNX RF devices aspects
The development of KNX RF devices does not require special KNX components. To reduce development time and costs, it may be advantageous to use ready RF modules; this usually happens in the case of small quantities. A KNX RF node basically consists of the following:

Transceiver Chip
For KNX RF does not require a dedicated chip. Currently available are a pair of chip that can be used to implement a KNX RF node. For unidirectional devices are available at low cost chip for transmission only.

Circuit RFI
The transceivers form, together with a pair of passive components, the RF circuit. Based on the reference design of the chip manufacturer, a circuit can be designed and optimized to the KNX RF requirements.

Microcontroller
The heart of any KNX device is a microcontroller that controls communication and application tasks. For the RF transmission one of the most important requirements is low power consumption. The logic for interfacing to connect the transceiver should be present in most of today's controllers.

Communication stack
The KNX standard defines a complex protocol which leads to a high implementation and certification effort. The communication stack is the system software for a KNX RF device; controls the transceiver and manages communication, including the configuration procedure. The communication stack provides an interface (API) for application development.

Aspects of realization of KNX IP devices
The transmission of KNX telegrams via Ethernet is defi ned as a series of KNXnet/IP protocols and is part of the KNX standard. Until now specifi included the use of this medium for PC interfaces and routers. IP routers are similar to line couplers but they use Ethernet for the main line. Now in addition it is possible to integrate KNX end devices directly via IP in the KNX network. In this way Ethernet or IP (Internet Protocol) became a full half KNX. For the development of KNX IP devices it is not necessary components KNX special Bauteile. A KNX IP node consists mainly of the following:

Ethernet controller
The Ethernet controllers are available from different semiconductor manufacturers. The needs of IP KNX are normally met without problems. They are usually sufficient in most cases Controller mit einer speed of 10 Mbit/s.

Microcontroller
The choice of the microcontroller basically depends on the computing power necessary to the device. In principle, the KNXnet/IP protocol can be implemented on an 8-bit controller. Depending on the application, it may also be necessary controllers with superior performance. Many controllers already offer an interface for Ethernet on the chip, so that should be completed only the physical layer.

Communication stack
The system software for a KNX IP device consists of two protocol stacks. For communication via Ethernet requires an IP stack with UDP (User Datagram Protocol), as KNXnet/IP is based on a wireless communication. They are used both Unicast Multicast telegrams. On the IP/UDP stack is arranged the KNX stack. This is the common kernel KNX that naturally must be implemented in apothecary for each device model. The KNX Stack uses the IP/UDP stack as the interface to the system. The KNX telegrams translation UDP telegrams is established via KNXnet/IP. The KNX application has access to the API (Application Programming Interface) of the KNX stack to communicate with the entire system.

What is the right solution?
Choosing the right hardware depends significantly from the application. Special hardware implementations for KNX-IP devices are already available on the market. Also offered are the corresponding stack. For complex devices it can also be used powerful operating systems such as Linux, which normally contain an IP stack with UDP. In this case you are still only required the KNX stack and of course the relevant application program.

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